Research to Practice (R2P)
LOHP functions as a bridge between the University and the labor movement (including workers, unions, employers and others who make decisions that affect workers’ lives) to ensure that health and safety knowledge reaches workers “in the trenches.” Research to practice (R2P) is the process by which scientifically developed interventions and solutions are systematically disseminated for broader adoption and implementation in order to improve the health and safety of workers and community members. R2P also involves a “practice to research” (P2R) orientation which is about setting research agendas that originate with—and respond to—the concerns and priorities of workers, employers, and other key stakeholders. Those in the field are often the first to identify a problem and/or a need for evidence-based solutions. They are also the ones who make, influence and are affected by health and safety decisions. Working to ensure that our research and interventions are translated and disseminated to workers is our vision of R2P. LOHP shares this vision and partners with other agencies and organizations involved in R2P initiatives such as the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Center for Construction Research and Training (CPWR). R2P projects include those aimed at creating interventions for workers involved in mining, construction and related to emergency preparedness. LOHP projects with an emphasis on R2P include OSH Education in Post-secondary CTE Construction Programs, COEH/CPWR R2P Initiative in Construction Safety and Health, the Chinatown Restaurant Workers Project, and the Public Health Practice Projects. All have focused on engaging in safety and health research, developing effective interventions, and communicating this to the communities affected.
OSH EDUCATION IN POST-SECONDARY CTE CONSTRUCTION PROGRAMS
September 2014-August 2016
- University of California Berkeley, Labor Occupational Health Program
- West Virginia University, of Occupational and Environmental Health Sciences
- Funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/Center for Construction Research and Training (CPWR)
Many new entrants into the construction labor force participate in Career Technical Education (CTE) programs—formerly known as “vocational education”—at the high school or community/technical college level. Approximately 225,000 secondary and postsecondary graduates take one or more construction-related classes through CTE programs in any given year. Post-secondary construction programs (e.g., programs for electrical installers, carpenters, plumbing services, masons, and general construction) alone train approximately 95,000 students annually, 43% of which are under the age of 25. Because CTE construction programs are one of the few places new construction workers receive any kind of training or preparation, they are an important vehicle for educating new and young workers about construction health and safety.
There have been no systematic studies that describe OSH education in these programs, or that have assessed what constitutes “effective” health and safety education in post-secondary CTE construction programs. Through the use of a national survey of post-secondary CTE construction program administrators and instructors, and health and safety knowledge assessments of students in these programs, we will 1: Determine the elements of effective health and safety education in post-secondary CTE construction programs; and 2: Characterize the state of existing health and safety education in post-secondary CTE construction programs.
During the third year of the project, we will prepare and disseminate a consensus guide that summarizes the study findings and includes recommendations for improving health and safety education in CTE construction programs based on these findings. With help from our partners, the Association of Career Technical Educators (ACTE) and the National Council for Workforce Education (NCWE), and from the advisory group, the consensus guide and other identified resources will be disseminated to post-secondary CTE instructors and key collaborators around the US.
Faculty Partners: Kimberly Rauscher and Doug Myers, West Virginia University
For more information click on the link below:
RESEARCH TO PRACTICE (R2P) ROADMAP
The Research to Practice (R2P) Roadmap is a tool designed to help occupational safety and health researchers strategically think about how to move their research findings into the world for impact. As part of LOHP’s outreach for the Region 9 NIOSH Education Research Center (ERC), staff partnered with CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training to adapt CPWR’s construction-specific Research to Practice (R2P) Roadmap for General Industry. (Click here for CPWR’s Construction-Specific Research to Practice Roadmap.) The Roadmap walks researchers through a series of questions to guide their dissemination journey. These include considering goals, target audiences, critical partners, dissemination strategies, communication channels, resource needs, barriers, and possible evaluation measures. The Roadmap consists of a guidance document and a worksheet:
RESTAURANT INSPECTOR PROJECT
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is sponsoring the development of a pilot project in which food service inspectors are involved in promoting worker health and safety. Food safety inspectors are trained public health professionals who routinely visit restaurants and are experienced in educating employers.
CHINATOWN RESTAURANT PROJECT
San Francisco Chinatown restaurant workers in conjunction with the Chinese Progressive Association (CPA) and key research partners including LOHP released a study that exposes sweatshop conditions in restaurant workers in the popular tourist district Chinatown. This groundbreaking report examines health and working conditions in Chinatown restaurants, with over 400 workers interviewed by their peers, and lays out a vision for improving working conditions for a healthy Chinatown.
HOTEL ROOM CLEANER PROJECT
Workers at 35 Las Vegas hotel-casinos overwhelmingly approved union contracts that set new limits on housekeepers’ workload based on findings from a study by University researchers. The study, commissioned by Local 226, sought to find links between the health and working conditions of the housekeepers, who are called Guest Room Attendants (GRAs) in Las Vegas. It was conducted in 2001 and early 2002 by a team led by Niklas Krause, M.D., a UC San Francisco epidemiologist. The team included LOHP’s Pam Tau Lee and Robin Baker as well as other researchers from UC and the University of Nevada- Las Vegas.
In 2010, LOHP received funding from NIOSH’s Retail Trade Sector to develop materials for adolescent health care providers which provide resources and guidance for talking about work issues with their teen patients and explore new avenues for disseminating resources to the primary care community. Project activities included:
- Needs assessment with clinicians, clinic coordinators, health educators and teens to identify barriers, current practices and needed materials as well as systems and strategies for effective dissemination including integrating occupational health information into clinical practices;
- Development and pilot testing of a tool kit providing resources and guidance for talking about these issues with patients;
- Outreach to primary care facilities to disseminate resources and materials.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
For more information on NIOSH and CPWR R2P projects, visit the links below: